Vaccinated and test positive? What to know about omicron, COVID for this holiday season.

Written by on December 21, 2021

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COVID-19: What to do subsequent when you check optimistic

When you check optimistic for COVID-19, listed here are the steps you have to take to get higher and assist cease the unfold.

ProblemSolved, USA TODAY

As COVID-19 circumstances surge, fueled by the extremely transmissible omicron variant of the coronavirus, People surprise tips on how to strategy the vacations and safely journey and collect with family and friends. 

The tempo of latest circumstances within the USA is up 41% in contrast with a month in the past, based on a USA TODAY evaluation of Johns Hopkins knowledge. For a lot of December, circumstances hovered round 120,000 however have jumped to greater than 130,000 a day.

As of Saturday, the omicron variant accounted for 73.2% of latest COVID-19 infections within the nation, the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention reported. The week ending Dec. 11, it accounted for 12.6% of latest circumstances. 

Get COVID-19 updates proper to your inbox: Join our publication, Coronavirus Watch, right here

Well being consultants mentioned COVID-19 vaccines are much less efficient towards the brand new pressure, which can result in extra breakthrough infections. Boosters present extra safety towards omicron, however the CDC reported solely 30% of the eligible inhabitants has acquired their booster.

Listed here are solutions to some frequent questions: 

Are you able to safely collect with household for the vacations?

Although the straightforward reply is to remain dwelling, it is necessary to acknowledge how difficult the previous 12 months has been on households and the necessity to see family members across the holidays, mentioned Akhil Bindra, a pulmonologist on the Cleveland Clinic.

“Being conscientious of that, there’s a protected approach to do it, however there’s at all times some threat,” Bindra mentioned.

One of the simplest ways to guard family members from extreme illness is to get vaccinated and boosted, he mentioned. Getting examined for the virus earlier than you collect inside is a good suggestion, even when you do not have signs, he mentioned.

Carrying a masks indoors will add one other layer of safety, he mentioned, acknowledging it is probably not real looking to count on of all households.

Tuesday, presidential well being adviser Anthony Fauci mentioned vaccinated People needn’t cancel their plans. “When you don’t have the supply of the check and you might be totally vaccinated and boosted, it is best to really feel comfy having a vacation meal or gathering with members of the family who’re additionally vaccinated and boosted,” he mentioned on NBC’s “Immediately.”

What do you do if in case you have an in depth contact to COVID-19?

The CDC defines shut contact as being inside 6 ft of somebody with COVID-19 for a cumulative whole of 15 minutes or extra over a 24-hour interval.

The company urges unvaccinated folks quarantine in the event that they’ve had shut contact with somebody with COVID-19, which entails:

  • Staying dwelling for 14 days after your final contact with the contaminated individual.
  • Awaiting signs reminiscent of a fever of 100.four levels, cough or shortness of breath.
  • Staying away from folks you reside with, if doable, particularly those that are at increased threat for extreme illness.

The CDC recommends consulting your native well being division’s web site for extra info on quarantine. In some states, unvaccinated people can shorten their quarantine to 10 days with out testing in the event that they don’t develop signs or seven days upon receiving a detrimental check consequence.

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People who find themselves totally vaccinated  do NOT must quarantine after contact with somebody who had COVID-19 until they develop signs, the CDC mentioned. They need to nonetheless get examined 5 to seven days after their publicity and put on a masks in indoor public settings for 14 days after publicity or till they get a detrimental check consequence.

When do you develop into contagious with COVID-19?        

An individual contaminated with COVID-19 could also be contagious 48 hours earlier than signs begin, well being consultants mentioned. Early research have proven folks could also be more than likely to unknowingly unfold the virus to others throughout that preliminary two-day interval. 

How quickly after contact with contaminated individual must you get examined? 

The CDC recommends folks get examined 5 to seven days after publicity and put on a masks in indoor public settings for 14 days after publicity or till they get a detrimental check consequence.

Omicron’s unfold: What it might imply for vacation plans

Asymptomatic COVID-19: Greater than 40% of individuals with COVID-19 by no means present signs, research finds

When COVID-19 cancels trip: The way to get a refund on your Airbnb or Vrbo rental

What must you do when you’re vaccinated, check optimistic and really feel sick?

No matter vaccination standing, well being consultants mentioned, People mustn’t journey to see household or pals in the event that they’ve examined optimistic for the coronavirus. Sadly, which will imply canceling vacation plans. 

In accordance with the CDC, individuals who check optimistic for the coronavirus and expertise signs ought to:

  • Monitor their signs. When you’re having hassle respiratory, persistent ache, stress within the chest or confusion, search emergency medical care instantly.
  • Keep in a room separate from different family members, if doable.
  • Use a separate rest room, if doable.
  • Keep away from contact with different members of the family and pets.
  • Don’t share private home items.
  • Put on a masks when round different folks.

The CDC mentioned an individual contaminated with COVID-19 ought to isolate from folks for 10 full days, counting Day 1 as the primary full day after signs developed. After isolation, well being consultants mentioned, it’s not at all times essential to retest.

“A optimistic check doesn’t essentially imply you need to wait one other 10 days as a result of we all know that these assessments can keep optimistic for some time,” mentioned Purvi Parikh, an allergist and immunologist with the Allergy and Bronchial asthma Community, a nonprofit for allergy, bronchial asthma and immune circumstances. “After 10 days, it’s not possible you’ll be contagious.”

She advisable relaxation, hydrating with plenty of fluids and over-the-counter ache medicine to alleviate signs through the isolation interval.

What when you’re vaccinated and asymptomatic and check optimistic?

Even when you’re asymptomatic, well being consultants mentioned, it’s necessary to isolate after testing optimistic for the coronavirus.

When you check optimistic for the coronavirus and by no means develop signs, the CDC mentioned, Day zero is the day of your optimistic viral check and Day 1 is the primary full day after your optimistic check.

When you develop signs earlier than the 10-day isolation interval is over, the company mentioned, your interval should begin over with Day zero being the primary day of signs and Day 1 the primary full day after signs develop.

Even when signs by no means develop, the CDC advisable following the identical guidelines of isolation as somebody who does have signs, together with avoiding contact with different family members, utilizing separate services, not sharing private objects and carrying a masks. 

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Biden warns of sickness and demise as omicron surges

Warning the omicron variant of the coronavirus “is right here,” President Joe Biden predicts a “winter of extreme sickness and demise” for individuals who are nonetheless unvaccinated and implores People anew to get their pictures and boosters. (Dec. 16)

AP

What when you’re unvaccinated and check optimistic?

When you’re not feeling sick and have but to check optimistic for the coronavirus, well being consultants urged unvaccinated People to get vaccinated as quickly as doable.

Those that examined optimistic for the coronavirus and are unvaccinated ought to observe the identical isolation guidelines as people who find themselves totally vaccinated and contaminated.

People who find themselves unvaccinated are extra susceptible to extreme illness, hospitalization and demise, Parikh mentioned, which suggests they need to be further vigilant of signs which will require emergency care.

No matter vaccination standing, people who find themselves at excessive threat for extreme illness, reminiscent of these over 65, are immunocompromised or have underlying medical circumstances, ought to name their physician for early remedy choices.

“You must strongly contemplate monoclonal antibody infusion ideally two to a few days after (testing optimistic),” Parikh mentioned. “It’ll reduce your probabilities of needing to be admitted within the hospital or dying of COVID-19.”

Why are COVID-19 circumstances rising? And why are hospitals filling up if omicron is milder?

Bindra, with the Cleveland Clinic, mentioned the majority of circumstances at his hospital are unvaccinated folks, highlighting the necessity to get vaccinated. “It is nonetheless not too late,” he mentioned.

The omicron surge has helped gasoline the rise in circumstances, he mentioned. In accordance with the CDC, omicron can unfold among the many vaccinated and people who find themselves asymptomatic. Bindra mentioned among the many small variety of vaccinated circumstances at his hospital, most are older or immunocompromised sufferers.

Although extra analysis is required on the indicators and signs of omicron in contrast with different variants, Bindra mentioned it is necessary to do not forget that delta continues to be circulating, which may account for a lot of longer-term and intensive care unit hospitalizations.

Are you able to get boosted or vaccinated when you have COVID-19?

The CDC mentioned individuals who have COVID-19 mustn’t get vaccinated immediately. In case you are asymptomatic, wait till you meet the standards for leaving isolation to get a shot. In case you are symptomatic, wait till you might have recovered and meet the standards to go away isolation, the CDC mentioned.

Can the virus change because it spreads?

Sure. Omicron is a variant of the coronavirus, much like delta. They each occurred when genetic mutations occurred to the virus.

“I believe the longer the virus can exist – which is now, present for about two years – (there is a) increased probability of it persevering with to mutate. So I do not suppose any of us count on that this one will rely as the final mutation,” Bindra mentioned.

Contributing: Mike Stucka and Ryan Miller

 Comply with Adrianna Rodriguez on Twitter: @AdriannaUSAT.

Well being and affected person security protection at USA TODAY is made doable partly by a grant from the Masimo Basis for Ethics, Innovation and Competitors in Healthcare. The Masimo Basis doesn’t present editorial enter.

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